Kampala, the capital of Uganda, is the home of AfricanDefenders (the Pan-African Human Rights Defenders Network) and DefendDefenders ( the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project). Close to many countries in conflict, Uganda has long been hosting refugees coming from across the region, and its refugee policy has been praised as one of the most open in the world.

Kampala hosts many human rights defenders who had to flee from their countries, such as Burundi, South Sudan, and Somalia, many of whom have been able to continue their human rights work while in exile.